Name: Hurricane Andrew Type: hurricane Year: 1992 Formed: August 16, 1992 Dissipated: August 28, 1992 Peak winds: 153 (Category 5) Pressure: 922 Damages: $26.5 billion Fatalities: 26 direct, 39 indirect Areas affected: Bahamas; South Florida, Louisiana, and other areas of the Southern United States Hurricane season: 1992 Atlantic hurricane season
Hurricane Andrew is the second most powerful, and the last of three Category 5 hurricanes that made U.S. landfall during the 20th century, after the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 and Hurricane Camille in 1969. Andrew caused 65 deaths. The first named storm of the 1992 Atlantic hurricane season, Andrew struck the northwestern Bahamas, southern Florida at Homestead (south of Miami), and southwest Louisiana around Morgan City in August. Andrew caused $26.5 billion in damage ($38.1 billion in 2006 US dollars), with most of that damage cost in south Florida. Its central pressure ranks as fourth-lowest in U.S. landfall records and Andrew was the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history until surpassed by Hurricane Katrina of the 2005 season. It was also the first of two Category 4 or higher storms to strike the United States that year (Hurricane Iniki in the Central Pacific struck Hawaii a couple of weeks later).
Because of the exceptional and the widespread damage in Florida and Louisiana, the name "Andrew" was retired in 1993 and will never be used again for an Atlantic hurricane. The name was replaced by Alex for the 1998 season.